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So Far from God, So Close to the United States: Current Dynamics of Mexican Migration to the United States

  • Lucia Argüellová
ABSTRACT: This work examines the development of US immigration policy with a focus on border enforcement, migrant removals and the effects on human security at the US-Mexican border. My research considers three stages in the journey of the unauthorised migrant: clandestine crossing, detention in the...

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From Imagined Communities to Bordered Societies? Bordering Processes in the Americas in the late 20th and early 21st Century

  • Kateřina Březinová
ABSTRACT: This study explores the meaning of borders in the late 20th and early 21st centuries in the Americas. It argues that borders can best be understood as the result of bordering practices which are socially defined and constructed. Following the theoretical framework proposed by Popescu, I analyse...

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Incremental Escalation as a Cost-Avoidance Instrument in International Conflicts

  • Michael Becker
ABSTRACT: How do states involved in international conflict decide on the quality and quantity of force to use? Traditional understandings of military threats and force in international relations emphasise its quality as an instrument for achieving victory in a dyadic dispute. However, changes in the...

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Afghanistan and the Privatisation of Security in the Czech Republic

  • Iveta Hlouchová
ABSTRACT: The Czech Republic has its own, specific, experience with the privatisation of security. The Czech private security market and available private security services has typically been limited to domestic sectors. This article explores the potential Czech private security actors have abroad and...

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Pirates of Aden: A Threat beyond Somalia’s Shores?

  • Natalia Piskunova
ABSTRACT: This study focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf in the period 2009-2012. My research examines core actors and their activities and the corresponding responses of local and international authorities. This work is based on analytical monitoring conducted over the same period. Keywords: maritime...

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Transnational Threats and Reformulating Security in the UN

  • Dagmar Rychnovská
ABSTRACT: Over the past two decades, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has increasingly dealt with new thematic issues and, particularly, with so-called “transnational security challenges.” What implications does this trend have? Focusing on conceptual dimensions, this article analyses whether,...

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Small but Substantial: What Drives Ghana’s Contributions to UN Peacekeeping Missions?

  • Jan Prouza
  • Jakub Horák
ABSTRACT: Ghana is among the largest military contributors to UN Peacekeeping Missions (PKM). Irrespective of Ghana’s considerably smaller population size, armed forces capabilities and state budget than other contributing states such as India and Nigeria, Ghana has been substantially involved in most...

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Distant Shores? Evaluating Spain’s Immigration Policy

  • Traian Urban
ABSTRACT: Over the past few decades, Spain has transformed from a net emigration country into a hub of international immigrants. Over the past five years, the number of foreigners living in Spain has increased four times implying a flow of some three million new people streaming into Spain at a time...

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The Europeanisation of Czech Parties’ Election Manifestos Reviewing the 2013 Chamber of Deputies Elections

  • Jan Kovář
ABSTRACT: This work contributes to the debate on the Europeanisation of political parties and particularly the Europeanisation of party election manifestos. This contribution investigates the extent of programmatic Europeanisation of relevant political parties before the 2013 Chamber of Deputies elections...

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Unpacking Bangladesh’s 2014 Elections: A Clash of the “Warring Begums”

  • Ignatiev Pavlo
ABSTRACT: This work analyses events in the political life of Bangladesh after military rule. It focuses on the rise of the leaders of two influential parties – the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party – and the reasons for their animosity towards one another. I argue that both these political...

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Environmental Cooperation and Conflict Transformation

  • Šárka Waisová
ABSTRACT: This work is concerned with the tactic of using environmental cooperation as a conflict transformation instrument. This is an optimistic approach which suggests that environmental cooperation is an independent variable that may positively influence politics due to it retaining strong peacebuilding...

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Libya, Resolution 1973 and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

  • Erfaun Norooz
ABSTRACT: This article sheds light on the intervention in Libya through the lens of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). This, together with the deployment of Just War theory, will help explain some of the nuances surrounding the legitimacy of the Libyan intervention in 2011. The work is based on providing...

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From Peacekeeping to Peace Enforcement and Back to Peacebuilding Dilemmas: Is there A Growing Insecurity of International Security?

  • Francis M. Kabosha
ABSTRACT: Since its creation in 1945, the UN has steadily increased the ambition and the scale of its peace and security agenda in conflict-affected countries. The development of peacekeeping is seen as a global means to achieve its aspirations of international peace and security. Yet, there are problems...

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Security, Inc.: Privatising Internal Security in Post-Communist Poland

  • Lukasz Wordliczek
ABSTRACT:The question of how and when authority diminishes in states has been a persistent feature of international relations and the political sciences for several decades. The issue is often referred to as ‘governance without a government’ and tries to understand systems of thick and thin sovereignty....

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Private Prisons and the Emerging Immigrant Market: Implications for Security Governance

  • Karina Moreno Saldivar
  • Byron E. Price
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work is to examine the role and involvement of the two largest private prisons corporations in the US, Corrections Corporations of America (CCA) and The GEO Group, Inc., in the immigration policymaking arena. Recent news reported the role of private prison industry in sponsoring...

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PMSCs and the Regulatory Environment in Iraq Post-2011

  • Jason Ireland
  • Caroline Varin
ABSTRACT: This article explores the security demands and regulatory changes in Iraq since 2011 that have required the private security industry to adapt its corporate strategy. Drawing from cutting-edge primary research, including interviews with contractors and with multinational clients in Iraq and...

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Rethinking U.S. Policy Toward Iran's Nuclear Programme

  • Surulola James Eke
ABSTRACT: A period of Western support for Iran’s nuclear programme gave way to opposition by the same world powers, when it was realised that alongside civilian use, the Islamic Republic was also pursuing a nuclear weapons programme. Driven by Tehran’s policy of aggression, in the Middle East and elsewhere,...

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Deterring Russia by U.S. Followership? Decomposing the Czech Participation in Afghanistan

  • Nik Hynek
ABSTRACT: Deconstructing and explaining the Czech involvement in Afghanistan’s post-war reconstruction are the key roles of this study. The notion of strategic narrative has recently been gaining popularity with security analysts. This work considers the applicability of this concept and its links to...

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Is There a Legal Basis for Military Intervention to Protect Civilians in Syria?

  • Richard Lappin
ABSTRACT: The anti-government protests that erupted in Syria in March 2011 assumed a more formal nature following the violent government response that ultimately escalated into civil war. There is broad consensus that the Syrian regime has committed crimes against humanity against its own population...

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The Issue of Madhism within Shia Ideology and Ahmadinejad’s Doctrine

  • Přemysl Rosůlek
ABSTRACT: I will attempt to argue in this paper that the rise of Mahdism within Shi’a political Islam during Ahmadinejad’s era did not lead to a significant break with previous development. Relevance of Mahdism within Shi’a politicized and ideologized Islam in Iran has been on the rise since the...

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The Poverty of Statistics: Military Power and Strategic Balance

  • Jan Ludvík
ABSTRACT: Military expenditures and the number of service personnel are the two most common features used to compare national military power. However, to what extent they reflect the real world remains a question. This article aims to provide the answer by using data on the great power conflicts of the...

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Looking for Insurgency in Cyberspace

  • Jakub Drmola
ABSTRACT: This study explores the rapidly developing area of conflicts in cyberspace. Its main objective is to outline the concept of cyber-insurgency, which has so far been missing from academic investigations. In addition, this work examines other types of conflicts present in cyberspace, including...

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Latvia and Money Laundering: An Examination of Regulatory and Institutional Effectiveness in Combating Money Laundering

  • Andrew Bowen
  • Mark Galeotti
ABSTRACT: In the wake of the Cyprus bailout, illicit financial flows and money laundering have shown their systemic threat to the stability of not only the Eurozone but to the international financial system. Great attention is being paid to countries’ anti-money laundering efforts and on the stability...

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Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring: Reshaping Saudi Security Doctrine

  • Yahya Al-Zahrani
ABSTRACT: The Gulf regional strategic environment indicates that the balance of power is moving towards an inward concentration for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states while Iran attempts to fill the strategic vacuum created by the 2003 US invasion of Iraq. This work explores Saudi national security...

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Differentiating Arctic Provinces: A Cluster Analysis of Geographic and Geopolitical Indicators

  • Irina Valko
ABSTRACT:Based on a geographical-administrative definition of the region, theoretical assumptions of contemporary structuralist geopolitics, cross-sectional data for 2000, 2005 and 2010 from the Arctic Regional Attributes Dataset, and the technical capabilities of cluster analysis, this article aims...

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How the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements Weakened the CFSP and CSDP: A Socio-Economic and Geopolitical Analysis

  • Keith White-Hunt
ABSTRACT: From its very beginnings, defence and security related issues were a major concern of EU policy. However, it was the demise of the USSR in the early 1990’s and the end of the Cold War that – between 1998 and 2004 – gave a major push to the evolution of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy...

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China’s Multidimensional Juggle: The Challenges of a Rising Power

  • Sigfrido Burgos Cáceres
ABSTRACT: As the 21st century unfolds, it is almost unarguable that East and Southeast Asia will be increasingly important in global economic, political, and security affairs. China, depicted in media outlets as a state which is continually violating human rights, is dealing with recurrent internal problems...

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Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of the Philippines and the East European Socialist Bloc under President Ferdinand E. Marcos

  • Archie B. Resos
ABSTRACT: Diplomatic communiqués between the Philippines and the Eastern European Socialist Bloc found in the Department of Foreign Affairs in the Republic of the Philippines reveals a compendium of original data significant in tracing the inception of diplomatic relations between the Philippines and...

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Religion, Identity and Citizenship: The Predicament of Shiʿa Fundamentalism in Bahrain

  • Abdullah Yateem
ABSTRACT: In 2011, Bahrain witnessed an unprecedented wave of political protests that came within a chain of protest movements in other Arab countries, which later came to be known as the “Arab Spring.” Irrespective of the difference in the appellations given to these protests, their occurrence in Bahrain...

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Seeking Community Reconciliation through Traditional Ceremonies: A Strategy of Conflict Management

  • Kateřina Werkman
ABSTRACT: The debate on the role of traditional conflict management and reconciliation practices in modern post-war situations has been around for a while. The central concern is whether approaches that reflect the cultural context of the conflict setting would be better suited for responding to the...

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