Display options:

Urban Counterterrorist Sieges: The 2008 Mumbai Attack and Police (In)Capacity

  • Prem Mahadevan
Abstract: The Mumbai terrorist attack of 2008 exposed key vulnerabilities in India’s defences against urban terrorism. Not only did it reflect an unprecedented degree of sophistication on the part of jihadist planners, but the attack also demonstrated that the Indian policing system was woefully inadequate...

Read More ...

Inconsistencies between Libya and Syria? Pragmatic Revisionism and the Responsibility to Protect

  • Šárka Kolmašová
Abstract: The on-going debate on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept revolves around its problematic and inconsistent implementation, particularly while comparing the military intervention to protect civilians in Libya (2011) and the inadequate response to the Syrian crisis. The article traces...

Read More ...

The Implementation of Sanctions Imposed by the European Union: A Comparison of the Czech and Slovak Republics’ Compliance

  • Radka Druláková
  • Pavel Přikryl
Abstract: This study focuses on the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, two countries which do not carry out autonomous sanctions, but are, nevertheless, obliged to implement sanctions adopted by international organisations because of their membership commitments. The study explores the fulfilment...

Read More ...

The “Black Widow” Media Discourse: “Desperation, Irrationality and Vendetta” in Dagestan

  • Kateřina Krulišová
Abstract: This work examines how the media representation of the female self-martyrs of Dagestan and Chechnya, often dubbed “Black Widows,” portrays them as irrational, hysterical and/or desperate. The replication of the “Chechen Black Widow” narrative, applied to any female self-martyr striking on Russian...

Read More ...

How Criminals Infiltrate Public Procurement: Organised Crime and Corruption in Legal Markets and Public Sectors

  • Caterina Mazza
Abstract: Criminal infiltration in the legal economy – particularly public procurement and corruption – are among the most pronounced challenges facing European states. This work analyses the strategies and methods used by organised criminal groups to tamper with the procedures for the execution of public...

Read More ...

Is Gazprom Pushing East?: Exploring Gazprom's Behavioural Patterns in the Asian Market

  • Hedvika Koďousková
  • Martin Jirušek
Abstract: This article examines whether the Russian Eastern Energy Policy (EEP) corresponds to the widely shared perception that Russia uses energy resources as part of its domestic and foreign policy goals and to assess the role of Gazprom in Russia’s overall governmental strategy. For this purpose,...

Read More ...

The European Union as an Actor in Energy Relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran

  • Lukáš Tichý
  • Nikita Odintsov
ABSTRACT: The final phase of the nuclear negotiations with Iran has coincided with a profound crisis in the EU-Russia relations. Due to the crisis in Ukraine, the uncertainty about European energy security has increased significantly. Against this background, Iran, with its vast natural gas resources,...

Read More ...

What is the Threat Perception of the Slovak Republic?

  • Samuel Goda
  • Jaroslav Ušiak
ABSTRACT: This work examines security threats as perceived by the independent Slovak Republic based on the analysis of official state security documents and offers a reflection of the evolution of the security environment and how the Slovak Republic has confronted these. The conducted research led to...

Read More ...

Criminal Governance and Insurgency: The Rio de Janeiro Experience

  • Jan Daniel
ABSTRACT: The issue of governance by non-state armed groups has been gaining increasing attention from a range of social scientists. This study considers the territorial governance and authority of armed gangs in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro, applying a notion of insurgency as competition for the support...

Read More ...

The Limits, Dilemmas and Challenges of European Security in Uncertain Times

  • Miloš Balabán
ABSTRACT: This article assesses the current state of European security and its future prospects against the backdrop of several key processes: the rising political and economic power of non-western actors, US and European economic problems, the dynamic of the changing security environment and threats—especially...

Read More ...

Constraining or Encouraging? US and EU Responses to China’s rise in East Asia

  • Elena Atanassova-Cornelis
ABSTRACT: China’s consolidation of power in East Asia has been reshaping regional security dynamics. This has challenged US regional leadership and confronted Asian states with a new strategic dilemma of major power rivalry. Similarly, China’s rise has confronted the EU with challenges to its strategy...

Read More ...

The Nature of Separatism and Its Weak Reverberations in the Americas

  • Jaume Castan Pinos
ABSTRACT: Secessionism opens up a myriad of interesting debates related to the very ontology of borders and states and the nature of the international system. The main aim of this study is to shed light on the under-scrutinised phenomenon of separatism by problematising and theorising on it. To this...

Read More ...

A Place with None and a number of Frontiers: Changes and Continuities in Interethnic and Power Relations in 19th Century South-Western Amazon

  • Louise de Mello
ABSTRACT: This study presents a range of research into interethnic and power relations in the upper Madeira area in the southwest Amazon over the course of the 19th century. After providing a preliminary evaluation of the impact of both international treaties and internal political changes at the end...

Read More ...

Operation MANUEL: Prague as a Transit Hub of International Terrorism

  • Michal Zourek
ABSTRACT: This work examines several aspects of the cooperation between the Cuban and Czechoslovak secret services in the 1960s. The Cuban Revolution caused a fundamental redefinition of ideological boundaries, which, among other things, brought geographically remote areas closer to each other. The island...

Read More ...

Conceptualising Borders of Authentic Healing of Gambling Addiction 
among Western Apaches

  • Daniela A. Penickova
ABSTRACT: This study examines the process of identity formation in a present-day Western Apache reservation community. It explores how member identities have been shaped by various postcolonial social and political boundaries and how these translate into concepts of mental health—specifically in the...

Read More ...

The Body as Border? Arizona’s SB1070 as a Case Study for Re-Thinking the Spatiality of the US-Mexico Border

  • Leila Whitley
ABSTRACT: Arizona’s SB1070, or the Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighbourhoods Act, is a piece of US immigration legislation which was passed in 2010, making it one of the first of a number of state-level immigration bills in the US in recent years. The cornerstone of SB1070 is the requirement...

Read More ...

Rethinking the Borders inside Latin America and the Clash of Social Imaginaries: The Role of Intercultural Universities in Ecuador and Mexico

  • Zuzana Erdösová
ABSTRACT: In order to speak about “borders” in Latin America, it is necessary to take an approach that reflects the specific interethnic realities of this region where autonomy is a key emerging issue. The concept of autonomy is often mistakenly linked to forced political and administrative changes that...

Read More ...

On Border and On Murder: Juárez Femi(ni)cides

  • Tereza Jiroutová Kynčlová
ABSTRACT: Employing critical methods of postcolonial literary studies and feminist theories, this paper investigates Juárez femi(ni)cides arguing that they are not just a massive heinous crime but a result of a socio-economic system of structural inequalities pertaining to cultural and social constructions...

Read More ...

Emigration and displacement in Ciudad Juárez, México

  • Rodolfo Cruz-Piñeiro
  • María Inés Barrios de la O
ABSTRACT: This work presents the emigration phenomenon of Ciudad Juárez which rose sharply between 2007 to 2012 because of an increase in public insecurity and unemployment in the city. The work discusses the emigration flows to El Paso Texas, and some municipalities of Veracruz, México. Analysis focuses...

Read More ...

So Far from God, So Close to the United States: Current Dynamics of Mexican Migration to the United States

  • Lucia Argüellová
ABSTRACT: This work examines the development of US immigration policy with a focus on border enforcement, migrant removals and the effects on human security at the US-Mexican border. My research considers three stages in the journey of the unauthorised migrant: clandestine crossing, detention in the...

Read More ...

From Imagined Communities to Bordered Societies? Bordering Processes in the Americas in the late 20th and early 21st Century

  • Kateřina Březinová
ABSTRACT: This study explores the meaning of borders in the late 20th and early 21st centuries in the Americas. It argues that borders can best be understood as the result of bordering practices which are socially defined and constructed. Following the theoretical framework proposed by Popescu, I analyse...

Read More ...

Incremental Escalation as a Cost-Avoidance Instrument in International Conflicts

  • Michael Becker
ABSTRACT: How do states involved in international conflict decide on the quality and quantity of force to use? Traditional understandings of military threats and force in international relations emphasise its quality as an instrument for achieving victory in a dyadic dispute. However, changes in the...

Read More ...

Afghanistan and the Privatisation of Security in the Czech Republic

  • Iveta Hlouchová
ABSTRACT: The Czech Republic has its own, specific, experience with the privatisation of security. The Czech private security market and available private security services has typically been limited to domestic sectors. This article explores the potential Czech private security actors have abroad and...

Read More ...

Pirates of Aden: A Threat beyond Somalia’s Shores?

  • Natalia Piskunova
ABSTRACT: This study focuses on trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf in the period 2009-2012. My research examines core actors and their activities and the corresponding responses of local and international authorities. This work is based on analytical monitoring conducted over the same period. Keywords: maritime...

Read More ...

Transnational Threats and Reformulating Security in the UN

  • Dagmar Rychnovská
ABSTRACT: Over the past two decades, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has increasingly dealt with new thematic issues and, particularly, with so-called “transnational security challenges.” What implications does this trend have? Focusing on conceptual dimensions, this article analyses whether,...

Read More ...

Small but Substantial: What Drives Ghana’s Contributions to UN Peacekeeping Missions?

  • Jan Prouza
  • Jakub Horák
ABSTRACT: Ghana is among the largest military contributors to UN Peacekeeping Missions (PKM). Irrespective of Ghana’s considerably smaller population size, armed forces capabilities and state budget than other contributing states such as India and Nigeria, Ghana has been substantially involved in most...

Read More ...

Distant Shores? Evaluating Spain’s Immigration Policy

  • Traian Urban
ABSTRACT: Over the past few decades, Spain has transformed from a net emigration country into a hub of international immigrants. Over the past five years, the number of foreigners living in Spain has increased four times implying a flow of some three million new people streaming into Spain at a time...

Read More ...

The Europeanisation of Czech Parties’ Election Manifestos Reviewing the 2013 Chamber of Deputies Elections

  • Jan Kovář
ABSTRACT: This work contributes to the debate on the Europeanisation of political parties and particularly the Europeanisation of party election manifestos. This contribution investigates the extent of programmatic Europeanisation of relevant political parties before the 2013 Chamber of Deputies elections...

Read More ...

Unpacking Bangladesh’s 2014 Elections: A Clash of the “Warring Begums”

  • Ignatiev Pavlo
ABSTRACT: This work analyses events in the political life of Bangladesh after military rule. It focuses on the rise of the leaders of two influential parties – the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party – and the reasons for their animosity towards one another. I argue that both these political...

Read More ...

Environmental Cooperation and Conflict Transformation

  • Šárka Waisová
ABSTRACT: This work is concerned with the tactic of using environmental cooperation as a conflict transformation instrument. This is an optimistic approach which suggests that environmental cooperation is an independent variable that may positively influence politics due to it retaining strong peacebuilding...

Read More ...