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Transnational Organized Crime in International Relations

  • Yuliya Zabyelina
Although it has never been central to IR theories, transnational organized crime (TOC) is inherently an international phenomenon that has an impact on international security, world politics, international trade, and human rights. Yet, TOC unquestionably occupies a niche within the domain of IR and should...

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European Arrest Warrant: Implications for EU Counterterrorism Efforts

  • Oldrich Bures
This article provides an analysis of the introduction, implementation and implications of the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) for the European Union (EU) counterterrorism efforts. In addition, it demonstrates that EAW represents the only major practical application of mutual recognition in EU’s Justice...

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Securitizing Piracy Off the Coast of Somalia

  • Bilyana Tsvetkova
Piracy off the coast of the failed state of Somalia has been growing at an alarming rate. Last year (2008), over 120 attacks have been reported, resulting in the seizure of more than 40 ships and the kidnapping of more than 600 crew members, and about $30 million (USD) in ransom has been paid. Somali...

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The Gulen Movement: An Islamic Response to Terror as a Global Challenge

  • Ibrahim A. El-Hussari
Whilst globalization seems to be winning the battle against both modern and traditional movements which were, until fairly recently, quite active on both the national and the regional levels, it is doubtful that the challenges brought about by globalization can be easily met by some of the world’s stronger...

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Bush, Clausewitz, and Grand Strategic Imperatives: Keeping Political Ends Primary

  • Bryan Groves
As former President George W. Bush relinquished the reigns as Command¬er-in-Chief to President Barak Obama, it is fitting to reflect on how the US will remember Bush in years to come. Whether or not one agrees with his decision to commit U.S. forces to military action against Saddam Hussein and his Ba’ath...

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The EU-Iran Dialogue in the Context of the Ongoing Nuclear Crisis

  • Pierre-Emmanuel Dupont
The EU-Iran ‘Comprehensive Dialogue,’ launched in 1998 following the election of reformist President Khatami, did not achieve any significant re¬sults, mostly as a consequences of the controversy surrounding Iran’s nuclear program. It involved high-level discussions on political matters, as well as on...

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Evaluating the Current Global Order: A Canadian Perspective

  • Marketa Geislerova
The financial crisis currently gripping the United States, and reverberating around the world, has strengthened the claims of a growing number of observ¬ers and political scientists that the American unipolar moment is passing.2 On September 25 in a speech to the Bundestag, German Finance Minister Peer...

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EU Enlargement and Current Adaptation Challenges

  • Jaroslav Jaks
The European Union’s (EU) enlargement process was an integral part of the EC/EU’s wider integration project and, surprisingly, it has not yet halted. The journey from six to twenty seven has been a long and complicated one, and the realisation of some of the projects has required much time and political...

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Putin’s Foreign Policy and the Founding of the NATO-Russia Council

  • Jakub Kulhanek
For Russia, NATO represents a major foreign policy challenge that contin¬ues to create friction within the European security architecture. Although many expected the end of the Cold War to usher in a new era of cooperation, Russia and NATO have continued to harbor mutual suspicions and old biases. This...

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Russian Relations to the Gulf Region in a Changing Geopolitical Environment

  • Marat Terterov
Scholars of most academic disciplines across the social sciences have a fondness for comparing different regions in order to evaluate why one may be developing more rapidly than another, why democracy may be stalled in one region or flourishing in another, or why the benefits foreseen by economic reform...

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The Role of G8 Economic Summits in Global Monetary Architecture

  • Konstantinos J. Hazakis
The 1970s saw turbulent and dramatic economic transitions. The breakdown of the Bretton Woods System introduced new monetary conditions that ended a period of consensus among most capitalist states regarding ideal regimes to form their monetary relations. Until 1971, the interests of financial capital...

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Cross-Cutting Issues in International Capital

  • Miroslava Filipovic
For many decades, particularly since the 1970s, markets have been praised as the most effective economic mechanisms, and the more market actors there are, the better the mechanisms work, making the world economy an ideal stage for the interplay of market forces. Different streams of liberalism and the...

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Collective Security and Unilateral Decisions - Security Prospects for the post-Soviet Space

  • David Erkomaishvili
Unlike anywhere else within the international community, the post-Soviet space (pSs) is unique since the states within it are bound together not only because of common history and culture, but also due to political geography and largely uniform self-perceptions. The Commonwealth of Independent States...

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China's Energy Security and Geo-Economic Interests in Central Asia

  • Liyan Hu
  • Ter-Shing Cheng
Energy security, a relatively new term in international relations jargon, implies states (or other political communities) securing adequate and reliable energy supplies at stable prices. Currently, this involves securing so-called primary energy supplies which include, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydro-electricity...

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The Russian Minority in Post-Communist Politics: a Case Study of Ukraine, Moldova and Chechnya

  • Scott Romaniuk
From the moment the republics of the Soviet Union proclaimed their independence in 1991, the face of the Soviet ethno-cultural demographic changed significantly. Soviet dissolution was the primary expedient for the creation of the Russian diaspora, as twenty-five million Russians found themselves located...

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Establishing the Norm of Humanitarian Intervention in International Relations

  • Sarka Matejkova
International relations are presently in the midst of impressive change. Whether discussing traditional geopolitics, political and economic globalisation, international institutions, the rise of religious extremism, energy security, or enviro-politics, it is sure that the 21st century offers new challenges,...

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Pakistan at 61: An Assessment of Challenges and Opportunities

  • Abubakar Siddique
Sixty-one years after its independence in 1947, Pakistan still faces fundamental questions of identity, governance, state and nation-building. Despite being the only nuclear-armed Muslim country – raising Pakistan’s international political importance – more than one third of the Pakistani population...

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Water and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

  • Mohammed T. Obidallah
Economically, the Middle Eastern region is primarily agricultural, which is being practiced in an arid and desert-like environment. Water is a highly politicized and naturally scarce resource in the region, and there have always been conflicts over the ownership and use of water resources. Modern history...

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Between Militarism and Pacifism: Conscientious Objection and Draft Resistance in Israel

  • Yulia Zemlinskaya
The outbreak of the Palestinian Intifada in 2000 prompted many Israelis to object to Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories by refusing their reserve call-up or by resisting the draft. They have established and were active in four social movements (Yesh Gvul, Courage to Refuse, New Profile...

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Linking DDR and SSR in Post-conflict States: Agendas for Effective Security Sector Reintegration

  • Atsushi Yasutomi
According to the UN's Integrated Operational Guide to DDR Standards (IDDRS), DDR seeks to create security and stability in post-conflict environments, and to start recovery and development, by getting the former combatants to comprehensively disarm and providing them with opportunities for sustainable...

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The Conflicting Rebirth of Multipolarity in International Relations

  • Milos Balaban
The process of constructing a new multipolar world, which will probably take decades to complete and whose boundaries may only become clear by 2020, is just as important as the process which ended the Cold War some 20 years ago. The United States, as the only global superpower, is increasingly confronted...

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President Bush's Address to the Nation on U.S. Policy in Iraq: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach

  • Ibrahim A. El-Hussari
The reasons for selecting this political speech are simple. Firstly, it was delivered in the wake of the latest U.S. Senate Elections, the result of which gave the Democrats a slim majority in Congress for the first time since the Presidential Election of 2000. Secondly, the over-all situation in...

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The Lisbon Treaty and the Future of EU Enlargement

  • Jana Hynkova-Dvoranova
Each institution entitled to decide by QMV has its decision-making principle tailor-made. The specific set-up is defined while forming (or re-forming) the given institution and it is determined by several factors. The latter may entail the function of the institution, its inner organisation set-up, statute,...

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The Adequacy of Aviation Security Laws and Airport Security

  • Gautam Acharya
The era of sustained controlled powered flight began little more than a hundred years ago. Since then the civil aviation industry has grown into a sector of immense importance. As flight trajectories and planes themselves took on a more complex character, airports too had to evolve to accommodate the...

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Iraqi Insurgent Media: The War of Images and Idea

  • Daniel Kimmage
  • Kathleen Ridolfo
Presented primarily in Arabic on an array of websites unknown to most Americans and Europeans, Iraqi insurgent media hover at the margins of mainstream reports in the form of a "claim of responsibility on an insurgent website" or a "video posted to a jihadist forum." Such marginal references fail to...

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The Role of Diasporas in Foreign Policy: The Case of Canada

  • Marketa Geislerova
Diasporas engage in a range of trans-national activities for political purposes. Forcefully dispersed or conflict-generated diasporas are more prone to be politically engaged than diasporas whose members have moved for economic reasons or in order to improve their standards of living. While some of these...

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Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Post-Conflict States: Challenges of Local Ownership

  • Atsushi Yasutomi
  • Jan Carmans
While the term Security Sector Reform has been widely used in the post-conflict peace-building context, further clarification is needed to reveal a larger significance. The OECD's Guidelines on Security System and Governance Reform defines security sector reform as; [it] includes all the actors, their...

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Humanitarian Arms Control, Symbiotic Functionalism and the Concept of Middlepowerhood

  • Nikola Hynek
This article arises from dissatisfaction with predominant accounts concerning changes in interactions between nongovernmental actors and governments in contemporary world politics, namely the image of a tension between so-called state-centric and transnational worlds. Specifically, it can be conceived...

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The Gratuitous Suicide by the Sons of Pride: On Honour and Wrath in Terrorist Attacks

  • Denis Madore
In the Western philosophic and literary tradition to be without home or country is a fate that both demands our loathing and pity. As Aristotle characterized it, a man born without a city is either a "beast or a god". Such beings Aristotle maintains, since they cannot properly be called human, have a...

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Israeli Security Doctrine between the Thirst for Exceptionalism and Demands for Normalcy

  • Shoghig Mikaelian
Israeli security has been invoked time and again to explain Israeli behavior and justify Israeli actions vis-à-vis neighboring states and peoples. Yet there have been few insights into the manner in which Israeli security doctrine3 has been formulated, the various factors that have shaped and influenced...

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