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Conflict Dynamics as a Narrative Process: The Evolution of Competing Conflict Narratives between Russia and Ukraine and the Narratives of the International Human Rights Bodies between 2014 and 2022

  • Oksana Myshlovska, University of Bern
Abstract Drawing on the studies on narrative processes underlying conflict escalation, this article examines the constitution and evolution of conflicting narratives between Russia and Ukraine as expressed in their foreign policy discourse and key political pronouncements between 2014 and 2022. Furthermore,...

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Did Germany Contribute to Deterrence Failure against Russia in Early 2022?

Abstract With signs of Russia’s aggressive intentions mounting since Fall 2021, Ukraine and NATO allies criticised Germany for not sufficiently contributing to Western efforts at deterring a Russian invasion. The article evaluates this claim by applying deterrence theory and using congruence analysis...

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Constructive Role Ambiguity and How Russia Couldn’t ‘Get Away’ with Its 2022 Ukrainian Invasion

Abstract Since 2008, the Russian government conducted two invasions of sovereign territory in Eastern Europe prior to the current crisis in Ukraine. In 2008 Russian troops invaded Georgia, dramatically beginning a process of slowly dismantling the sovereignty of a self-identified European state. In...

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Russian Private Military and Ukraine: Hybrid Surrogate Warfare and Russian State Policy by Other Means

Abstract This article investigates the Russian government's reliance on commercial soldiers in the hybrid war efforts against Ukraine until the invasion in February 2022. Russian private military companies (PMCs), such as RUSCORP and the Wagner group, have already been active in Syria and Africa over...

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Can 'Realists' and 'Hawks' Agree? Half-measures and Compromises on the Road to Invasion of Ukraine

Abstract The debate on the failure of the efforts to avert the full-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 is dominated by two narratives presented as mutually exclusive. On the one hand, 'hawks' chastise the West for failing to forcefully confront Russian adventurism earlier. On the other...

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Looking for Stepan Bandera: The Myth of Ukrainian Nationalism and the Russian ‘Special Operation’

Abstract The so-called ‘denazification’ of Ukraine and the need to free the country from the radical nationalists was used by the Russian government as a central argument to justify the military invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. However, the discussion of radical right-wing nationalist groups allegedly...

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Russian Foot on the Central African Republic’s Soil: An Example of a Tactical Alliance

Abstract The article evaluates cooperation between the Central African Republic and the Russian Federation from the perspective of forming a tactical alliance. The article conceptualises the term tactical alliance and the aims of both partners, and analyses how these aims were fulfilled under the umbrella...

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Japan-France Relationship under Abe: An Analysis of Security Trends for the Indo-Pacific Region

Abstract Since the Meiji Restoration, Japan and France have experienced a special relationship led by strong cultural and economic ties. The present paper analyses their relationship during the second administration of the former prime minister of Japan, Abe Shinzō. The paper focuses on their respective...

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Theorising Systemic Appeasement in International Politics

Abstract   The current state of the relations between Russia and the ‘West’ presents curious similarities with the ’30s appeasement of Germany. These include the change in the international order, the (late) emergence of a system-challenger after an ‘intermediary’ period that followed the change,...

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Military Defection During the Collapse of the Soviet Union

Abstract How did armed forces behave in response to dissent, political instability and territorial disintegration during the collapse of the Soviet Union? To date, substantial attention has been cast on the 1991 August coup attempt, yet our understanding of other potential instances of defection remains...

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Past-Oriented Foreign Policy: Japanese State-Identity and South Korea Discourse 2009-2012

Abstract Upon its 2009 General Elections victory, the Democratic Party of Japan defined the Republic of Korea as the core of its Asia-focused foreign policy. Despite initial enthusiasm, the resurgence of controversies like the Dokdo/Takeshima dispute and the Comfort Women issue pulled bilateral relations...

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Canadian Discourse and Emotions on Terrorism: How Canadian Prime Ministers Speak about Terrorism since 9/11

Abstract This paper analyses the character of the discourse and emotions invoked in speeches delivered by prime ministers of Canada from the 9/11 terrorist attacks up until now. There is increased recognition in academic literature of the need to study emotions, because people are not rational beings...

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Strange Bedfellows: Relations between International Nongovernmental Organisations and Military Actors in Preventing/Countering Violent Extremism in Northeast Nigeria

  • Christian Ezeibe,University of Nigeria
  • Nnamdi Mbaigbo,University of Nigeria
  • Nneka Okafor,University of Nigeria
  • Celestine Udeogu,University of Nigeria
  • Adolphus Uzodigwe,University of Nigeria
  • Usman S Ogbo,Kogi State University
  • Chika Oguonu,University of Nigeria
Abstract Previous studies have examined the impact of the relationship between international nongovernmental organisations and the military on peacekeeping operations and humanitarian programming. However, how relations between international nongovernmental organisations and military actors affect preventing/countering...

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Embracing the Maverick: The Evolution of President Donald Trump’s Management of Foreign Policy-Making

Abstract Research on the American presidency reveals that all presidential advisory systems follow a similar pattern of change over time from standard, formal interagency structures to informal structures in which decisions are made outside the traditional interagency processes. We employ a longitudinal...

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Examining the Role of Trust and Ideological Disparities in India-EU Negotiations: The Case of the Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA)

  • Malcolm Katrak,O.P. Jindal Global University
  • Blanche Devos,independent researcher
Abstract Negotiations between India and the EU for a Broad-Based Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) have proven to be a complex and protracted affair. Despite both parties realising the importance of a trade agreement, neither of them intend to provide any concessions to the other party....

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Explaining the Absence of a Regional Hegemon in the Central African Sub-region

 Abstract The end of the Cold War saw a shift in power dynamics globally, changing the security dynamics of many regions globally including those in Africa. With the security void left by these great powers in Africa, regional hegemons have played significant roles in promoting regional peace and...

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Conceptualising the Arctic as a Zone of Conflict

Abstract The Arctic has been conceptualised as a zone of geopolitical competition, an international zone of peace and the dreamlike realm for extractive industries. While states such as Russia and the United States have commenced a militarisation and nuclearisation of the Arctic, other Arctic states...

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Refugee-Related Political Violence in Asia and Africa

  • Lucie Konečná,Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Political Science
  • David Mrva,Masaryk University, Faculty of Social Studies, Department of Political Science
Abstract This work focuses on the analysis of one of the most discussed phenomenon of recent years, the reception of refugees. The authors of this work examine refugee-related political violence, a phenomenon that has not been explored in the last twenty years. The aim is to describe the occurrence...

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Global Maritime Fulcrum: Indonesia’s Middle Power Strategy Between Belt And Road Initiatives (BRI) and Free-Open Indo Pacific (FOIP)

  • Fadhila Inas Pratiwi,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Irfa Puspitasari,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Indah Hikmawati ,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
  • Harvian Bagus,Universitas Airlangga, Department of International Relations
Abstract The purpose of this article is to correlate Indonesia’s global maritime fulcrum (GMF) as Indonesia’s middle power strategy to its response to the two geopolitical strategies of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) of China and the Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP) of the Quad (the United States,...

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Indivisible Security and Collective Security Concepts: Implications for Russia’s Relations with the West

  • Artem Kvartalnov,Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University)
Abstract The indivisible security principle was first set out in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act and since then has been included in numerous international treaties and national strategic documents. However, the concept remains ambiguous and has not received due attention. The collective security concept...

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Revisiting the Causes of Russian Foreign Policy Changes: Western Recognition and Russia's Ontological Security-Seeking

Abstract This paper examines the relationship between international practices of recognition and state quest for ontological security, on the one hand, and Russia's most recent identity makeover as well as increasingly aggressive foreign policy, on the other. I argue that in order to understand Russia's...

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Practical Geopolitics in Cinematic Narratives of Marvel’s The Avengers Film Franchise

Abstract This article implies that cinematic narratives project practical geopolitical discourses by using the example of Marvel Cinematic Universe’s success – The Avengers film franchise. The conceptualisation of imaginary threats in the films that follow the main storyline of the Avengers assembly,...

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Conditions of External Military Interventions in African Internal Conflicts: Complexity of Conflict Intensity, Social Dislocation and Raw Materials

Abstract External interventions are one of the most important aspects of intrastate conflicts since a majority of them are significantly internationalised, especially in Africa where the interventions most often occur. Factors that lead to the military intervention remain, however, puzzling. The authors...

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Towards a New Concept of Constructivist Geopolitics: Bridging Classical and Critical Geopolitics

Abstract ‘In Space We Read Time’. This essay deals with the question to what extent perspectives of classical and critical geopolitical thought are suitable for analysing geopolitical structures of world politics. The following article discusses the potential that opens up a constructivist perspective...

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Expanding European Integration towards the Western Balkans in Times of Crises: A Neo-Functionalist Examination

  • Özer Binici,Metropolitan University Prague, Department of International Relations and European Studies
Abstract This article examines the political practices of the European Union (EU) in the Western Balkans and, in particular, the EU-Kosovo relations by adopting the revisited neo-functionalism approach to the study of EU enlargement. This research draws on the descriptive and explanatory assumptions...

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Trump and the Image of the United States in Latin America

Abstract In our research, we focus on the image of the United States in Latin America. We use mainly data from Latinobarómetro, and we analyse Obama’s last year and Trump’s first year in the presidency in 18 countries in Latin America. We use logistic regression to reach conclusions. We also analyse...

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Just War and Just Battle: The Examination of North Korea’s Attack against the ROKS Cheonan Based on the Just War Principles

  • Kil Joo Ban,Korea Institute for Maritime Strategy, Seoul
Abstract In March 2010, a North Korean submarine fired a torpedo against the South Korean ship Cheonan, which resulted in the deaths of 46 sailors. Is its surprise attack justified? The academic examination has rarely been made over whether North Korea’s use of military force is justified in this battle....

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Pakistan’s ‘Mainstreaming’ Jihadis

  • Vinay Kaura,Department of International Affairs and Security Studies, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Rajasthan, India
  • Aparna Pande,Hudson Institute’s Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia
Abstract The emergence of the religious right-wing as a formidable political force in Pakistan seems to be an outcome of direct and indirect patronage of the dominant military over the years. Ever since the creation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in 1947, the military establishment has formed a...

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Rethinking the Budapest Memorandum from the Perspective of Ukrainian-Russian Relations in the Post-Soviet Period

  • Alina Shymanska,Seoul National University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine was adopted in 1990 and declared Ukraine a non-nuclear state. However, Kyiv was not eager to surrender the nuclear arsenal that it had inherited from the Soviet Union. It is possible to divide Ukraine’s denuclearisation process into two different...

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State Building Jihadism: Redefining Gender Hierarchies and “Empowerment”

  • Hamoon Khelghat-Doost,Üsküdar University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract Since the establishment of the Islamic State of Syria and Iraq (ISIS), there was a surge in women’s incorporation into the organization. Traditionally, nationalist and leftist militant movements utilised women only during periods of mobilization and political struggle. Upon the periods of state...

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