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Ethno-Religious Identity and Intergroup Relations: The Informal Economic Sector, Igbo Economic Relations, and Security Challenges in Northern Nigeria

  • Nsemba Edward Lenshie,Taraba State University
Abstract Nigeria operates a multidimensional and complex system in which ethnicity and religion have found expression in a competitive environment to exclude other groups. This study aims to examine how ethnicity and religion underlie the hostility and violence in the economic relations between...

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The Impact of Smart City Model on National Security

  • Ehab Khalifa,Cairo University
Abstract Smart cities could help overcome traditional problems of big cities, such as pollution, traffic congestion and administrative corruption. They can stimulate economic productivity, accommodate population growth, and make lives more convenient, but at the same time, they raise many security threats...

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Multiculturalism and Community Building in Urban Europe

  • Mark Kleyman,Department of Philosophy of Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology
Abstract In the years lasting back to 2015 Europe has been faced with an unprecedented influx of migrants. In most cases they seek refuge from civil wars and dictatorships that devastate many countries across North Africa and the Middle East. As a consequence, migration is becoming an increasingly...

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Thinking of Russia: Finnish Neutrality after the Cold War and the Influence of Russian Neighborhood on Finnish Cooperation with NATO

  • Lucie Zimmermanová,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Zdeněk Kříž,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Eva Doleželová,Masaryk University, Brno
Abstract In recent years, Finland has closely cooperated with NATO and Finnish politicians emphasize that Finland may consider joining the Alliance at any point. However, this step is unlikely in the foreseeable future. Russia’s aggressive actions abroad disconcert Finland; as this article shows,...

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Militarising the Natuna Islands for Indonesia’s Gunboat Diplomacy

  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Jeniar Mooy,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • M. Fauzan Maluft,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung

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Guest's Analysis: The Role of Security Sector and Democracy in Promoting Sustainable Development: Global Challenges and Solutions

  • Mohammad H. Al-khresheh,Academic Excellence Research Centre
Abstract The world is on the brink of collapse. Plagued with complex and multi-dimensional problems that threaten its sustainability, it is the task of everyone in the society to save it from this decline which has evidenced itself in many ways including the rising insecurity. Security is important...

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Political Perspective of Indonesian Civil-Military Relation in the Reform Era

  • Ratnia Solihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Siti Witianti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Mustabsyirotul Ummah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Civil-military relations will always be interesting to discuss in the democracy system. It relates to power supremacy in a state. Indonesia Post-Reformation of 1998 finds a turning point for civil-military relations. In the five different leadership periods, discover the differences in the...

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The Role of Indonesian Airforce in Disaster Management for Assisting with Natural Disaster

  • Suwaji, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Geographically, Indonesia has a high degree of possibility regarding natural disasters. As a state internal security keeper, the Indonesian Air Force should be in the front-line in dealing with natural disasters in line with the mandate of Law Number 34 of 2004, which is "protecting the whole...

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TNI Intelligence’s Role on Preventing Global Terrorism Threat in Indonesia

  • Munip Suharmono,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Strategic moves of counterterrorism in Indonesia are seen as moderately comprehensive. The evidence is the involvement of all stakeholder to prevent terrorism, intelligence is one of many elements of counterterrorism that is exposed by public, they believe that intelligence is failed and careless...

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The Role of the Indonesian Air Force in Safeguarding the Border Area of the Republic of Indonesia in East Nusa Tenggara (Ntt)

  • Jose Fernando Lopes Ximenes,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Wawan Budi Darmawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The state border is a geographical area which become an arena for power struggle between countries, where some countries struggling to expand the boundaries among them. As a state security and defence keeper, the Indonesian Air Force should be in the front-line while safeguarding the border...

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Local Content Curriculum Implementation in the Framework of Nationalism and National Security

  • Novie Indrawati Sagita,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Nandang Alamsah Deliarnoor,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Dian Afifah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Since regional autonomy was implemented in Indonesia, local government has the authority to diversify education by establishing local content curriculum. The the implementation of local content curriculum was not carried out optimally, both in West Java Province and Riau Islands. Local content...

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Addressing Indonesia’s Cyber Security through Public-Private Partnership (PPP)

  • Pradipta Nindyan Saputra,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Obsatar Sinaga,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Wahyu Wardhana,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Nurul Hayana,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Nowadays, a number of countries are developing alternative approaches to handling their cybersecurity, including Indonesia. Badan Siber dan Sandi Nasional (State Cyber and Cryptography Agency (BSSN)) as an institution appointed by the Indonesian government to be the national cybersecurity coordinator...

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The Implementation of Counter Narrative Strategy to Stop the Development of Radicalism among Youth

  • Yusup Rahman Hakim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arry Bainus,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The phenomenon of radicalism is still an interesting issue for both national and international politic scholars. Considering the improvement of technology and globalisation, the radical groups are adjusting their movement, they abandon traditional methods and go for more modern ones. The radicalisation...

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Conflict in South Sudan

  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Febriani Amalina Shalihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to find out the urgency and challenges of making conflict resolutions in South Sudan related to their impact on human security issues. The research method used is a qualitative research method with technical data collection in the form of literature studies using several...

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Conflict in Northern Mali

  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Attar Rakha Al Yazsa,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Mohamad Fadel Ramadhan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to identify threats to human security in Mali because of the ongoing conflict in the country. From the identification carried out, researchers also sought to offer alternative conflict resolution as a form of problem-solving in Mali. As guidelines of data collection and analysis,...

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Process and Resolution of the Papua Problem

  • Hendra Manurung,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arry Bainus,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The emergence of a conflict is absence of mutual relations between two or more parties who have or feel they have incompatible goals. Conflict is emergence of never-ending perspectives about differences in interests where the aspirations of conflicting parties cannot be achieved simultaneously...

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Environmental Security and Plastic Waste Pollution

  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Christian Vieri,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Pangersaning Gusti Bayu Alam,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to analyse the pollution of plastic waste that poses a threat to environmental security and alternative conflict resolution that can be carried out by various actors. Researchers also tried to address the response of international actors, both countries and international...

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Indonesia’s Role towards Myanmar in Assisting to Resolve the Humanitarian Crisis in Rohingya (2014-2018)

  • Chandra Purnama,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Ghiyats Akmaluddin,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to analyse the forms of role carried out by Indonesia during the Joko Widodo administration in assisting to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Rohingya. To analyse this, researchers firstly explore the elements that formed the role of Indonesia by tracing the national role...

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Securitisation of Halal Issue in Southeast Asia Region

  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Neneng Konety,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Chandra Purnama,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Firda Rosyana Rachmawati Amantjik,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Halal now becomes the new emerging trend in the global world. It can be reflected by the Securitisation  act of halal issues that has been done by many countries, both the majority-muslim and also the minority-muslim countries. This article discusses about Securitisation  of halal...

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Is Malaysia Begged to Differ from the Global ‘Vista’ Democracy?

  • Noor Sulastry Yurni Ahmad,Universiti Utara Malaysia and Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business
Abstract In the Malaysia’s 2018 General Election, the supremacy of Barisan Nasional (National Front), started to deteriorate when the two-third usual majority suddenly successfully is being denied. However, the transformations in Malaysian’s socio-political culture have created some evolutions and repercussions...

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Indonesia Military Power under the Increasing Threat of Conflict in the South China Sea

  • Muhammad Budiana,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Muhammad Fedryansyah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Yusa Djuyandi,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Ramadhan Pancasilawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract In the international maritime system, the South China Sea (SCS) region holds economic, political, and strategic values. However, it is also the source of longstanding disputes among the countries within the region. For Indonesia, potential conflicts in the SCS might arise not only from China’s...

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In Refer to Societal Security Dealing with the Radicalisation in West Java, Indonesia

  • RMT Nurhasan Affandi,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Gilang Nur Alam,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to examine how to deal with radicalisation in West Java, Indonesia. To achieve this goal, researchers focused on the efforts of  the national institutions in dealing with radicalisation, for instance through educational institutions such as universities and boarding...

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Digital Trace and Critical Discourse Networking under Jokowi Government (2014-2018)

  • Rachmad Gustomy,Brawijaya University, Malang
  • Laode Machdani Afala,Brawijaya University, Malang
Abstract Digital media is one of the pillars of democracy. The media serves various expressions that support the government or criticize the government. Both are present along with the development of democracy and the rapid progress of digital media. This paper intends to explain the digital trace of...

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Comparison of Indonesian Military Strength with Southeast Asian Countries and Probability for an Open War

  • Muhammad Arsy Ash Shiddiqy,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung and Universitas Islam Riau
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The security conditions in Southeast Asian region are relatively safe and peace. There have never been direct confrontations or head-to-head wars between countries in the region, if ever there had been a confrontation between Indonesia and Malaysia, but that did not happen. During the cold...

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Festive and Viral

  • Siti Aliyuna Pratisti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Taufik Hidayat,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Deasy Silvya Sari,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract One of the most significant phenomena is the emergence of political identity that moves participation further from the conventional political platform. The Occupy Wall Street movement and the Arab Spring are suitable examples for postmodern politics which characterize by unstructured movement...

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Indonesian Presidential Election 2019

  • Wahyu Gunawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Keri Lestari,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Margo Purnomo,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Deasy Silvya Sari,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This article aims to explain the ideal construct of Indonesia democracy after the 2019 presidential election which is colored by the conflict of two blocks known as cebong vs kampret. This shows that democracy cannot be separated from conflict. However, despite the ongoing conflict, is it possible...

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The Influence of Public Debate on the Political Preference of Communities in the Presidential Election in 2019

  • Siti Witianti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Ratnia Solihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Public debate is one form of political campaigning carried out at the campaign stage in the presidential and vice presidential elections in 2019 with the aim of influencing the political preference of the people. Besides being able to influence people's political preference, public debate (political...

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Sectarian Narratives of the 2019 Presidential Election and the Radical Transnational Network

  • R. Widya Setiabudi Sumadinata,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • RMT Nur Affandi,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Dina Yulianti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The 8th presidential election in Indonesia occurring in 2019 was heavily peppered with religious narratives and the mobilisation of sectarians. As a result, as found in several observation reports, the demographic analysis of each candidate's vote revealed a sectarian split where Joko Widodo’s...

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Civil Servant Neutrality on 2019 General Election in Indonesia

  • Dede Sri Kartini,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Theoretically, bureaucracy should be neutral from political affairs. This neutrality should be implemented by current regime. In fact, ASN (civil servant) is prohibited to get involved in political activity such as attending political campaign and activity (including non-campaign activity such...

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Beyond the Binary Logic of Populist Articulations in 2019 Indonesian Election

  • Luthfi Hamzah Husin,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Nuruddin Al Akbar,Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
Abstract This study seeks to highlight the emergence of Sexy Killer documentary as an important tool in an effort to encourage the rearticulation of democracy in a more substantial direction. This study is important in the middle of the trend of re-Democratisation  that is taking place but is moving...

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