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Pakistan’s ‘Mainstreaming’ Jihadis

  • Vinay Kaura,Department of International Affairs and Security Studies, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Rajasthan, India
  • Aparna Pande,Hudson Institute’s Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia
Abstract The emergence of the religious right-wing as a formidable political force in Pakistan seems to be an outcome of direct and indirect patronage of the dominant military over the years. Ever since the creation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in 1947, the military establishment has formed a...

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Rethinking the Budapest Memorandum from the Perspective of Ukrainian-Russian Relations in the Post-Soviet Period

  • Alina Shymanska,Seoul National University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine was adopted in 1990 and declared Ukraine a non-nuclear state. However, Kyiv was not eager to surrender the nuclear arsenal that it had inherited from the Soviet Union. It is possible to divide Ukraine’s denuclearisation process into two different...

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State Building Jihadism: Redefining Gender Hierarchies and “Empowerment”

  • Hamoon Khelghat-Doost,Üsküdar University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
Abstract Since the establishment of the Islamic State of Syria and Iraq (ISIS), there was a surge in women’s incorporation into the organization. Traditionally, nationalist and leftist militant movements utilised women only during periods of mobilization and political struggle. Upon the periods of state...

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Conceptualizing Soft Balancing Beyond Cold War. What’s Changed, What Remains the Same?

  • Mila Larionova,Metropolitan University Prague
Abstract This article is a systematic inquiry into the nature and role of soft balancing in the contemporary theory and practice of international relations. By wading into the contentious debate concerning the place and legitimacy of soft balancing, the article explores the theoretical prominence of...

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Making It Personal? A Comparative Study of Institutional Constraints on Foreign Policy in Russia and China

  • Joel Petersson Ivre,Yonsei University
  • Eugene Lee,Sungkyunkwan University
Abstract By treating militarism and personalism as institutional constraints on foreign policy, this article examines the role and influence of these constraints on the foreign policies of Russia and China. By looking at empirical evidence the authors argue that domestic institutional constraints in...

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The Role of the Qods Force in the Foreign Policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran

  • Ardavan Khoshnood,Lund University
Abstract The establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) in 1979 had a great impact on the question of security in both the region and outside of the Middle East. The foreign policy of the new republic would show hostility and aggression as terrorism became its modus operandi. In order to safeguard...

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Pseudo Neutrality in Intra-State Conflict: Myanmar’s Official Discourse on Rakhine

  • Kenneth Houston,Webster University Thailand
Abstract Although the most recent manifestation of conflict in Rakhine can be traced to the coordinated attack on Myanmar security forces in August 2017 by Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (hereafter ARSA), it goes without saying that the problem has a longer history. For this paper a corpus of official...

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S. P. Huntington’s Civilizations Twenty-Five Years On

  • Jan Slavíček,The Institute of History of the Czech Academy of Sciences
Abstract The study is based on the concept of Huntington's civilizations. They were used as a methodological basis for an analysis of the changes in their geopolitical power between 1995–2020 with the following conclusions: 1) The large population growth of 1995-2020 has been driven primarily by African,...

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Sino-Qatari Relations after the ‘Qatar Blockade’ in the Context of the Regional Implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative

  • Radka Havlová,CEVRO Institute, Prague
Abstract The article examines the development of the relations between China and Qatar since the ‘Qatar blockade’ in June 2017. Both Qatar and China view themselves as strategic partners and their relations are developing on the diplomatic and political level as well as in the field of economy...

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NGOs in Global Governance: Securing Role through Engagement at the United Nations? (Case Study – Global Policy Forum)

  • Jaroslava Bobková,University of Economics, Prague
Abstract What is the role of NGOs at the United Nations, and, by extension, in global governance? With limited possibilities to measure it directly, this article adopts discursive analysis as an innovative approach to the issue. Analysis of three texts by Global Policy Forum represents an important...

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Contemporary Legal Issues of Ensuring Food Security in the Post-Soviet Space (in Terms of Russia)

  • Aleksey Pavlovich Anisimov, Kalmyk State University
  • Nina Vladimirovna Mirina,Department of Entrepreneurship and Consumer Market Development of the Directorate of Economic Development and Investments
  • Anatoliy Jakovlevich Ryzhenkov,Kalmyk State University
Abstract The article deals with theory and practice of ensuring food security in the Russian Federation in the context of the UN recommendations and achievements of legal thought of foreign countries. Food security is considered as a guarantee of sustainable development of agriculture located at...

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Ethno-Religious Identity and Intergroup Relations: The Informal Economic Sector, Igbo Economic Relations, and Security Challenges in Northern Nigeria

  • Nsemba Edward Lenshie,Taraba State University
Abstract Nigeria operates a multidimensional and complex system in which ethnicity and religion have found expression in a competitive environment to exclude other groups. This study aims to examine how ethnicity and religion underlie the hostility and violence in the economic relations between...

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The Impact of Smart City Model on National Security

  • Ehab Khalifa,Cairo University
Abstract Smart cities could help overcome traditional problems of big cities, such as pollution, traffic congestion and administrative corruption. They can stimulate economic productivity, accommodate population growth, and make lives more convenient, but at the same time, they raise many security threats...

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Multiculturalism and Community Building in Urban Europe

  • Mark Kleyman,Department of Philosophy of Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology
Abstract In the years lasting back to 2015 Europe has been faced with an unprecedented influx of migrants. In most cases they seek refuge from civil wars and dictatorships that devastate many countries across North Africa and the Middle East. As a consequence, migration is becoming an increasingly...

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Thinking of Russia: Finnish Neutrality after the Cold War and the Influence of Russian Neighborhood on Finnish Cooperation with NATO

  • Lucie Zimmermanová,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Zdeněk Kříž,Masaryk University, Brno
  • Eva Doleželová,Masaryk University, Brno
Abstract In recent years, Finland has closely cooperated with NATO and Finnish politicians emphasize that Finland may consider joining the Alliance at any point. However, this step is unlikely in the foreseeable future. Russia’s aggressive actions abroad disconcert Finland; as this article shows,...

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Militarising the Natuna Islands for Indonesia’s Gunboat Diplomacy

  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Jeniar Mooy,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • M. Fauzan Maluft,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung

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Guest's Analysis: The Role of Security Sector and Democracy in Promoting Sustainable Development: Global Challenges and Solutions

  • Mohammad H. Al-khresheh,Academic Excellence Research Centre
Abstract The world is on the brink of collapse. Plagued with complex and multi-dimensional problems that threaten its sustainability, it is the task of everyone in the society to save it from this decline which has evidenced itself in many ways including the rising insecurity. Security is important...

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Political Perspective of Indonesian Civil-Military Relation in the Reform Era

  • Ratnia Solihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Siti Witianti,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Mustabsyirotul Ummah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Civil-military relations will always be interesting to discuss in the democracy system. It relates to power supremacy in a state. Indonesia Post-Reformation of 1998 finds a turning point for civil-military relations. In the five different leadership periods, discover the differences in the...

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The Role of Indonesian Airforce in Disaster Management for Assisting with Natural Disaster

  • Suwaji, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Rizki Ananda Ramadhan, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Geographically, Indonesia has a high degree of possibility regarding natural disasters. As a state internal security keeper, the Indonesian Air Force should be in the front-line in dealing with natural disasters in line with the mandate of Law Number 34 of 2004, which is "protecting the whole...

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TNI Intelligence’s Role on Preventing Global Terrorism Threat in Indonesia

  • Munip Suharmono,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Strategic moves of counterterrorism in Indonesia are seen as moderately comprehensive. The evidence is the involvement of all stakeholder to prevent terrorism, intelligence is one of many elements of counterterrorism that is exposed by public, they believe that intelligence is failed and careless...

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The Role of the Indonesian Air Force in Safeguarding the Border Area of the Republic of Indonesia in East Nusa Tenggara (Ntt)

  • Jose Fernando Lopes Ximenes,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Wawan Budi Darmawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The state border is a geographical area which become an arena for power struggle between countries, where some countries struggling to expand the boundaries among them. As a state security and defence keeper, the Indonesian Air Force should be in the front-line while safeguarding the border...

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Local Content Curriculum Implementation in the Framework of Nationalism and National Security

  • Novie Indrawati Sagita,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Nandang Alamsah Deliarnoor,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Dian Afifah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Since regional autonomy was implemented in Indonesia, local government has the authority to diversify education by establishing local content curriculum. The the implementation of local content curriculum was not carried out optimally, both in West Java Province and Riau Islands. Local content...

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Addressing Indonesia’s Cyber Security through Public-Private Partnership (PPP)

  • Pradipta Nindyan Saputra,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Obsatar Sinaga,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Wahyu Wardhana,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Nurul Hayana,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Nowadays, a number of countries are developing alternative approaches to handling their cybersecurity, including Indonesia. Badan Siber dan Sandi Nasional (State Cyber and Cryptography Agency (BSSN)) as an institution appointed by the Indonesian government to be the national cybersecurity coordinator...

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The Implementation of Counter Narrative Strategy to Stop the Development of Radicalism among Youth

  • Yusup Rahman Hakim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arry Bainus,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arfin Sudirman,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The phenomenon of radicalism is still an interesting issue for both national and international politic scholars. Considering the improvement of technology and globalisation, the radical groups are adjusting their movement, they abandon traditional methods and go for more modern ones. The radicalisation...

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Conflict in South Sudan

  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Febriani Amalina Shalihah,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to find out the urgency and challenges of making conflict resolutions in South Sudan related to their impact on human security issues. The research method used is a qualitative research method with technical data collection in the form of literature studies using several...

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Conflict in Northern Mali

  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Attar Rakha Al Yazsa,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Mohamad Fadel Ramadhan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to identify threats to human security in Mali because of the ongoing conflict in the country. From the identification carried out, researchers also sought to offer alternative conflict resolution as a form of problem-solving in Mali. As guidelines of data collection and analysis,...

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Process and Resolution of the Papua Problem

  • Hendra Manurung,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Arry Bainus,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract The emergence of a conflict is absence of mutual relations between two or more parties who have or feel they have incompatible goals. Conflict is emergence of never-ending perspectives about differences in interests where the aspirations of conflicting parties cannot be achieved simultaneously...

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Environmental Security and Plastic Waste Pollution

  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Christian Vieri,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Pangersaning Gusti Bayu Alam,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to analyse the pollution of plastic waste that poses a threat to environmental security and alternative conflict resolution that can be carried out by various actors. Researchers also tried to address the response of international actors, both countries and international...

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Indonesia’s Role towards Myanmar in Assisting to Resolve the Humanitarian Crisis in Rohingya (2014-2018)

  • Chandra Purnama,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Windy Dermawan,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Ghiyats Akmaluddin,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract This research aims to analyse the forms of role carried out by Indonesia during the Joko Widodo administration in assisting to resolve the humanitarian crisis in Rohingya. To analyse this, researchers firstly explore the elements that formed the role of Indonesia by tracing the national role...

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Securitisation of Halal Issue in Southeast Asia Region

  • Akim,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Neneng Konety,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Chandra Purnama,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
  • Firda Rosyana Rachmawati Amantjik,Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung
Abstract Halal now becomes the new emerging trend in the global world. It can be reflected by the Securitisation  act of halal issues that has been done by many countries, both the majority-muslim and also the minority-muslim countries. This article discusses about Securitisation  of halal...

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